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study information

date of publication1-sep-2000
journalJ Virol 2000 Sep;74(17):7699-707
titleIncreased neutralization sensitivity and reduced replicative capacity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 after short-term In vivo or In vitro passage through chimpanzees.
title in Dutch
reason not to includemonkeys
resp. centreCLB
designDevelopment of disease is extremely rare in chimpanzees when inoculated with either T-cell-line-adapted neutralization-sensitive or primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), at first excluding a role for HIV-1 neutralization sensitivity in the clinical course of infection. Interestingly, we observed that short-term in vivo and in vitro passage of primary HIV-1 isolates through chimpanzee peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) resulted in a neutralization-sensitive phenotype. Furthermore, an HIV-1 variant reisolated from a chimpanzee 10 years after experimental infection was still sensitive to neutralization by soluble CD4, the CD4 binding site recognizing antibody IgG1b12 and autologous chimpanzee serum samples, but had become relatively resistant to neutralization by polyclonal human sera and neutralizing monoclonal antibodies. The initial adaptation of HIV-1 to replicate in chimpanzee PBMC seemed to coincide with a selection for viruses with low replicative kinetics. Neither coreceptor usage nor the expression level of CD4, CCR5, or CXCR4 on chimpanzee PBMC compared to human cells could explain the phenotypic changes observed in these chimpanzee-passaged viruses. Our data suggest that the increased neutralization sensitivity of HIV-1 after replication in chimpanzee cells may in part contribute to the long-term asymptomatic HIV-1 infection in experimentally infected chimpanzees.

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