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study information

date of publication1-okt-2000
journalJ Clin Invest 2000 Oct;106(8):1039-52
titleDifferential coreceptor expression allows for independent evolution of non-syncytium-inducing and syncytium-inducing HIV-1.
title in Dutch
resp. centreCLB
designWe demonstrated previously that CD45RA(+) CD4(+) T cells are infected primarily by syncytium-inducing (SI) HIV-1 variants, whereas CD45RO(+) CD4(+) T cells harbor both non-SI (NSI) and SI HIV-1 variants. Here, we studied evolution of tropism for CD45RA(+) and CD45RO(+) CD4(+) cells, coreceptor usage, and molecular phylogeny of coexisting NSI and SI HIV-1 clones that were isolated from four patients in the period spanning SI conversion. NSI variants were CCR5-restricted and could be isolated throughout infection from CD45RO(+) CD4(+) cells. SI variants seemed to evolve in CD45RO(+) CD4(+) cells, but, in time, SI HIV-1 infection of CD45RA(+) CD4(+) cells equaled infection of CD45RO(+) CD4(+) cells. In parallel with this shift, SI HIV-1 variants first used both coreceptors CCR5 and CXCR4, but eventually lost the ability to use CCR5. Phylogenetically, NSI and SI HIV-1 populations diverged over time. We observed a differential expression of HIV-1 coreceptors within CD45RA(+) and CD45RO(+) cells, which allowed us to isolate virus from purified CCR5(+) CXCR4(-) and CCR5(-) CXCR4(+) CD4(+) cells. The CCR5(+) subset was exclusively infected by CCR5-dependent HIV-1 clones, whereas SI clones were preferentially isolated from the CXCR4(+) subset. The differential expression of HIV-1 coreceptors provides distinct cellular niches for NSI and SI HIV-1, contributing to their coexistence and independent evolutionary pathways.

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