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study information

date of publication1-okt-1999
journalJ Infect Dis 1999 Oct;180(4):1106-15
titleAdaptation to promiscuous usage of chemokine receptors is not a prerequisite for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 disease progression.
title in Dutch
resp. centreCLB
designFifty percent of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) progress to AIDS in the presence of only non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) variants. These rapidly replicating NSI isolates are associated with a high viral load. The question of whether disease progression in the absence of syncytium-inducing (SI) HIV-1 variants is associated with an expansion of the coreceptor repertoire of NSI HIV-1 variants was studied. Biological HIV-1 clones were isolated both early and late in infection from progressors and long-term survivors with wild-type or mutant CCR5 or CCR2b genotypes and analyzed for their capacity to use CCR1, CCR2b, CCR3, CCR5, and CXCR4 on U87 cells coexpressing CD4. All HIV-1 clones were restricted to the use of CCR5. Absent replication of all HIV-1 clones in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from a CCR5 Delta32 homozygous blood donor confirmed this result. These findings indicate that an expanded coreceptor repertoire of HIV-1 is not a prerequisite for a progressive clinical course of HIV-1 infection.

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